Buckley is right to be appalled that Melbourne emits more carbon than London – a city twice the size and living on soils with an order of magnitude more soil nutrients per unit area.
If ecological justice remotely existed, the average resident of Melbourne would emit no more than one thousandth the carbon of the average European city, simply because the ancient Australian environments are so fragile.
To achieve ecological justice Australia must:
- put an absolute ban on new non-residential roads
- tranfer a rail:road spending ratio of 1:4 to at the very least a situation where rail spending exceeds road and air combined
- make car, mining and fossil fuel corporations pay the entire cost of climate-related disasters like bushfires and the Queensland floods
- phase out irrigation in at least the southern Murray-Darling Basin (which global warming models strong suggest will soon become desert)
- aim to revegetate as much farmland as possible with native flora
- use fuel taxes to pay for rail as well as road construction
- at least three times as much housing space (or, as much space per person for a four-child family as for a one-child family in Europe or Asia)
- because larger families build deeper emotional ties, people become more compassionate and sensitive
- lower mean house prices in suburbs add to the increased possibility of family formation
- the much slower pace of life vis-à-vis densely settled European and Asian cities (I can testify to this from living even a few days in London how incredibly fast-paced it was compared even with inner Melbourne)
Dreher argues that the lifestyle of noisy cities is of itself as force against tradition. Sprawling suburbs, as I can testify living in Ashwood and Keilor Downs, are much quieter and slower-paced, giving people much more time for reflection. The slower pace also offers, according to Dreher, opportunities for socialisation that are hard in the inner city. E. Michael Jones (a writer whom I have definite distaste for) apparently made a similar argument in his book Living Machines.
That selfish materialism dominates the culture of Europe, Asia, Canada and New Zealand there can be no doubt. David D. Kirkpatrick shows people in those nations to be obsessed with individual choice to the complete exclusion of tradition or morality. They wish to have the highest-quality and most individual records and books in a manner that serves, if you will, to build bigger and bigger egos and leave no room for relationships. (Those on welfare tend to be even more materialistic in this way, as Arthur Brooks shows).
For the majority who are not autistic or otherwise lacking empathy, such a culture and lieftstyle is extremely repellant. Like a magnet, even modestly empathetic people are lured to Melbourne's sprawling suburbs, and want conditions under which their way of life is not threatened. Buckley does not consider that sustainable development in Australia would require a severe effort both
- at home by not pandering to a powerful road lobby and
- abroad by sanctioning Australia for its exceptionally bad environmental standards and realising that its living costs are, ecologically, untenably low